Working with LEMP

Lando offers a configurable recipe for spinning up apps that use the LEMP stack, a popular LAMP variant that replaces the apache webserver with nginx.

Note that you'll only want to use this recipe if you have a custom PHP application not supported by one of Lando's other recipes. Let's go over some basic usage.

Getting Started

Before you get started with this recipe we assume that you have:

  1. Installed Lando
  2. Read up on how to get a .lando.yml

If after reading #2 above you are still unclear how to get started then try this

# Go into a local folder with your site or app codebase
# You can get this via git clone or from an archive
cd /path/to/my/codebase

# Initialize a basic .lando.yml file for my recipe with sane defaults
lando init

# Commit the .lando.yml to your git repo (Optional but recommended)
git add -A
git commit -m "Adding Lando configuration file for easy and fun local development!"
git push

For more info on how lando init works check out this.

Starting Your Site

Once you've completed the above you should be able to start your LEMP site.

# Start up app
lando start

# Optionally run composer install if needed
lando composer install

If you visit any of the green-listed URLS that show up afterwards you should be presented with whatever content is rendered by your index.php.

Importing Your Database

If you have an existing database for your application, you can easily import it done using our helpful lando db-import command.

# Go into my app
cd /path/to/my/app

# Grab your database dump
curl -fsSL -o database.sql.gz "https://url.to.my.db/database.sql.gz"

# Import the database
# NOTE: db-import can handle uncompressed, gzipped or zipped files
lando db-import database.sql.gz

You can learn more about the db-import command over here.

Tooling

Each LAMP recipe will also ship with some helpful php dev utilities. This means you can use things like composer and php-cli via Lando and avoid mucking up your actual computer trying to manage php versions and tooling.

lando composer                 Run composer commands
lando db-import <file>         Import <file> into database. File is relative to approot.
lando db-export                Export a database. Resulting file: {DB_NAME}.TIMESTAMP.gz
lando mysql|pgsql              Drops into either a MySQL or Postgres shell depending on what DB you use
lando php                      Run php commands
# Run composer install
lando composer require guzzlehttp/guzzle

# Drop into a mysql shell
lando mysql

# Check the app's php version
lando php -v

You can also run lando from inside your app directory for a complete list of commands.

Configuration

Recipe

You can also manually configure the .lando.yml file to switch php versions, toggle between apache and nginx, activate xdebug, choose a database type and version, set a custom webroot locaton and use your own configuration files.

# LEMP recipe example
name: lemp2

# Start with the default LEMP recipe
recipe: lemp

# Configure the LEMP recipe
config:

  # Optionally specify the php version to use.
  #
  # If ommitted this will default to the latest php version. Consult the `php`
  # service to see what version are available
  #
  # NOTE: that this needs to be wrapped in quotes so that it is a string
  php: '7.2'

  # Optionally specify the location of the webroot relative to your approot.
  #
  # If ommitted this will be your approot itself.
  # webroot: www

  # Optionally specify the database type, this can be one of:
  #
  #   - `mysql`
  #   - `mariadb`
  #   - `postgres`
  #
  # If ommitted this will default to the latest mysql. You can additionally provide
  # a version with `type:version` but you will need to consult the documentation
  # for the correct DB service to see what versions are available
  database: mysql

  # Optionally activate xdebug
  xdebug: true

  # Optionally mix in your own config files
  #
  # If ommitted this will use "sane defaults" for your recipe type
  conf:

    # For more information on setting these files check out the documentation
    # and examples
    #
    # Docs: https://docs.devwithlando.io/services/php.html
    # Examples: https://github.com/lando/lando/tree/master/examples
    #
    server: config/nginx.conf
    php: config/php.ini

    # For more information on setting these files check out the documentation
    # and examples for the relevant services:
    #
    # MySQL: https://docs.devwithlando.io/services/mysql.html
    # MariaDB: https://docs.devwithlando.io/services/mariadb.html
    # PostGres: https://docs.devwithlando.io/services/postgres.html
    #
    # Examples: https://github.com/lando/lando/tree/master/examples
    #
    # database: config/mysql

You will need to rebuild your app with lando rebuild to apply the changes to this file. You can check out the full code for this example over here.

Environment Variables

The below are in addition to the default variables that we inject into every container. These are accessible via php's getenv() function.

# The below is a specific example to ILLUSTRATE the KINDS of things provided by this variable
# The content of your variable may differ
LANDO_INFO={"appserver":{"type":"php","version":"7.1","hostnames":["appserver"],"via":"nginx","webroot":"web","config":{"server":"/Users/pirog/.lando/services/config/lemp/lemp.conf","conf":"/Users/pirog/.lando/services/config/lemp/php.ini"}},"nginx":{"type":"nginx","version":"1.13","hostnames":["nginx"],"webroot":"web","config":{"server":"/Users/pirog/.lando/services/config/lemp/lemp.conf","conf":"/Users/pirog/.lando/services/config/lemp/php.ini"}},"database":{"type":"mysql","version":"5.7","hostnames":["database"],"creds":{"user":"lemp","password":"lemp","database":"lemp"},"internal_connection":{"host":"database","port":3306},"external_connection":{"host":"localhost","port":true},"config":{"confd":"/Users/pirog/.lando/services/config/lemp/mysql"}}}

NOTE: These can vary based on the choices you make in your recipe config. NOTE: See this tutorial for more information on how to properly use $LANDO_INFO.

Automation

You can take advantage of Lando's events framework to automate common tasks. Here are some useful examples you can drop in your .lando.yml to make your LEMP app super slick.

events:

  # Runs composer install and a custom php script after your app starts
  post-start:
    - appserver: cd $LANDO_MOUNT && composer install
    - appserver: cd $LANDO_WEBROOT && php script.php

Advanced Service Usage

You can get more in-depth information about the services this recipe provides by running lando info.

Read More

Workflow Docs

Advanced Usage

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