Laravel

Laravel is The PHP Framework For Web Artisans.

Lando offers a configurable recipe for developing Laravel apps.

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Getting Started

Before you get started with this recipe we assume that you have:

  1. Installed Lando and gotten familar with its basics
  2. Initialized a Landofile for your codebase for use with this recipe
  3. Read about the various services, tooling, events and routing Lando offers.

However, because you are a developer and developers never ever RTFM you can also run the following commands to try out this recipe with a vanilla install of Laravel.

# Initialize a laravel recipe
lando init \
  --source cwd \
  --recipe laravel \
  --webroot app/public \
  --name my-first-laravel-app

# Install laravel
lando ssh -c "composer global require laravel/installer && laravel new app"

# Start it up
lando start

# List information about this app.
lando info

Configuration

While Lando recipes set sane defaults so they work out of the box they are also configurable.

Here are the configuration options, set to the default values, for this recipe. If you are unsure about where this goes or what this means we highly recommend scanning the recipes documentation to get a good handle on how the magicks work.

recipe: laravel
config:
  php: 7.3
  via: apache:2.4
  webroot: .
  database: mysql:5.7
  cache: none
  xdebug: false
  config:
    database: SEE BELOW
    php: SEE BELOW
    server: SEE BELOW
    vhosts: SEE BELOW

Note that if the above config options are not enough all Lando recipes can be further extended and overriden.

Choosing a php version

You can set php to any version that is available in our php service. However, you should consult the Laravel requirements to make sure that version is actually supported by Laravel itself.

Here is the recipe config to set the Laravel recipe to use php version 7.1

recipe: laravel
config:
  php: 7.1

Choosing a webserver

By default this recipe will be served by the default version of our apache service but you can also switch this to use nginx. We highly recommend you check out both the apache and nginx services before you change the default via.

With Apache (default)

recipe: laravel
config:
  via: apache

With nginx

recipe: laravel
config:
  via: nginx

Choosing a database backend

By default this recipe will use the default version of our mysql service as the database backend but you can also switch this to use mariadb or 'postgres' instead. Note that you can also specify a version as long as it is a version available for use with lando for either mysql, mariadb or postgres.

If you are unsure about how to configure the database we highly recommend you check out the mysql, mariadband 'postgres' services before you change the default.

Also note that like the configuration of the php version you should consult the Laravel requirements to make sure the database and version you select is actually supported by Laravel itself.

Using MySQL (default)

recipe: laravel
config:
  database: mysql

Using MariaDB

recipe: laravel
config:
  database: mariadb

Using Postgres

recipe: laravel
config:
  database: postgres

Using a custom version

recipe: laravel
config:
  database: postgres:9.6

Choosing a caching backend

By default this recipe will not spin up a caching backend.

However, you can specify one using the cache recipe config and setting it to use either our use redis or memcached service. Note that you can optionally/additionally specify a particular version for either as long as it is a version documented as available for use with lando for either service.

If you are unsure about how to configure the cache we highly recommend you check out our redis and memcached) docs as well as the Laravel ones.

Using redis (recommended)

recipe: laravel
config:
  cache: redis

Using Memcached

recipe: laravel
config:
  cache: memcached

Using a custom version

recipe: laravel
config:
  cache: redis:2.8

Using xdebug

This is just a passthrough option to the xdebug setting that exists on all our php services. The tl;dr is xdebug: true enables and configures the php xdebug extension and xdebug: false disables it.

recipe: laravel
config:
  xdebug: true|false

However, for more information we recommend you consult the php service documentation.

Using custom config files

You may need to override our default Laravel config with your own.

If you do this you must use files that exists inside your applicaton and express them relative to your project root as below.

Note that the default files may change based on how you set both ssl and via. Also note that the vhosts and server config will be either for apache or nginx depending on how you set via. We highly recommend you check out both the apache and nginx if you plan to use a custom vhosts or server config.

A hypothetical project

Note that you can put your configuration files anywhere inside your application directory. We use a config directory in the below example but you can call it whatever you want such as .lando.

./
|-- config
   |-- default.conf
   |-- my-custom.cnf
   |-- php.ini
   |-- server.conf
|-- index.php
|-- .lando.yml

Landofile using custom laravel config

recipe: laravel
config:
  config:
    database: config/my-custom.cnf
    php: config/php.ini
    server: config/server.conf
    vhosts: config/default.conf

Environment File

By default, Laravel comes with a .env configuration file set to use homestead. You will want to modify the following .env key so that it makes sense for use with Lando.

Here is what that file would look like if you installed laravel as above. Note that your file might be slightly different depending on your configuration.

APP_NAME=Laravel
APP_ENV=local
APP_DEBUG=true
APP_URL=http://my-first-laravel-app.lndo.site

LOG_CHANNEL=stack

# If you set `database: mysql|mariadb` in this recipes config
DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=database
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel
DB_USERNAME=laravel
DB_PASSWORD=laravel

# If you set `database: postgres` in this recipes config
# DB_CONNECTION=pgsql
# DB_HOST=database
# DB_PORT=5432
# DB_DATABASE=laravel
# DB_USERNAME=postgres
# DB_PASSWORD=null

BROADCAST_DRIVER=log
CACHE_DRIVER=file
QUEUE_CONNECTION=sync
SESSION_DRIVER=file
SESSION_LIFETIME=120

# If you have `cache: redis` in this recipes config
# REDIS_HOST=cache
# REDIS_PASSWORD=null
# REDIS_PORT=6379

# If you added a mailhog service to this recipe
# MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
# MAIL_HOST=sendmailhog
# MAIL_PORT=1025
# MAIL_USERNAME=null
# MAIL_PASSWORD=null
# MAIL_ENCRYPTION=null

Connecting to your database and/or cache

Lando will automatically set up a database with a user and password and also set an environment variables called LANDO INFO that contains useful information about how your application can access other Lando services.

Here are is the default database connection information for a Laravel site. Note that the host is not localhost but database.

database: laravel
username: laravel
password: laravel
host: database
# for mysql
port: 3306
# for postgres
# port: 5432

If you've also specified a caching backend here are the default connection settings.

host: cache
# Redis
port: 6379
# Memcache
port: 11211

You can get also get the above information, and more, by using the lando info command.

Importing Your Database

Once you've started up your Laravel site you will need to pull in your database and files before you can really start to dev all the dev. Pulling your files is as easy as downloading an archive and extracting it to the correct location. Importing a database can be done using our helpful lando db-import command.

# Grab your database dump
curl -fsSL -o database.sql.gz "https://url.to.my.db/database.sql.gz"

# Import the database
# NOTE: db-import can handle uncompressed, gzipped or zipped files
# Due to restrictions in how Docker handles file sharing your database
# dump MUST exist somewhere inside of your app directory.
lando db-import database.sql.gz

You can learn more about the db-import command over here

Tooling

By default each Lando Laravel recipe will also ship with helpful dev utilities.

This means you can use things like artisan, composer and php via Lando and avoid mucking up your actual computer trying to manage php versions and tooling.

lando artisan           Runs artisan commands
lando composer          Runs composer commands
lando db-export [file]  Exports database from a service into a file
lando db-import <file>  Imports a dump file into database service
lando laravel           Runs laravel commands
lando mysql             Drops into a MySQL shell on a database service
lando php               Runs php commands

Usage examples

# Do a basic laravel gut check with artisan
lando artisan env

# Run composer install
lando composer install

# List laravel commands
lando laravel list

# Drop into a mysql shell
lando mysql

# Check the app's php version
lando php -v

You can also run lando from inside your app directory for a complete list of commands which is always advisable as your list of commands may not 100% be the same as the above. For example if you set database: postgres you will get lando psql instead of lando mysql.

Example

If you are interested in a working example of this recipe that we test on every Lando build then check out https://github.com/lando/lando/tree/master/examples/laravel

Additional Reading

Guides and Tutorials

Advanced Usage

Known Issues

Troubleshooting

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